Letter-Sound Correspondence

Once a child’s phonological awareness development is underway, the alphabetic principle is understood, and parents understand the importance of facilitating comprehension, we can begin to teach letter-sound correspondence. Letter-sound correspondence simply means memorizing which letters or combinations of letters make which sounds. This is the most complicated piece of literacy acquisition, so we will spend quite a bit of time here.

Once you, as a parent or teacher understand the principles of literacy, you will be able to adapt this information to your child’s learning style and interests! (Check out the Better Than Flashcards page for lots of  hands-on learning activities)

I’ve broken this down into 10 steps. YOU DO NOT NEED TO TEACH THE PHONOGRAMS IN THIS ORDER! This is just given as a guide to make sure you eventually cover everything. For example, you might want to teach long vowels (step 5) right after you teach short vowels (step 2) and then get into R controlled vowels (step 4) before heading on to two letter phonograms (step 3). Do it! I dare you! The most effective way to teach these is IN CONTEXT of a wonderful story that your child is intrinsically motivated to read for themselves. Feel free to let that text be your curriculum and teach each phonogram as you happen upon them.

You may find that application a suitable replacement for repetition.

Just click on each step for an explanation, application ideas, and video!

  1. Understanding Phonograms
  2. Consonants and Short Vowels
  3. Common Two Letter Phonograms
  4. “R controlled” Vowels and 5 ways to say “er”
  5. Long Vowels
  6. Additional Vowel Sounds
  7. G,C,S Variations
  8. Vowel combinations that make one sound
  9. Vowel combinations that make multiple sounds
  10. Remaining Phonograms

HERE is list of words organized by phonogram to help get you started!

and HERE is me explaining the Top 10 Rules every beginning reader needs to know in addition to the phonograms.

Somewhere along these 10 steps you might wonder about when you are supposed to introduce SIGHT WORDS