G, C, and S Variations

These single letter phonograms have some special rules that change their sounds. This can really trip up a beginning reader if we aren’t clear on all of the rules…

G says it’s “soft” sound  /j/ when followed by e,i, or y as in gentle, giraffe, or gym (watch out for exceptions like girl and gill). It says it’s hard sound /g/ with a, o, or u as in gate, goggles, or gum.

C says /s/ when followed by e, i, or y as in cereal, city, or icy (watch out for the phonogram /ci/ which says /sh/ as in spacious). It says it’s hard sound /c/ with a, o, or u as in cat, cookie, or cut.

S says /s/ and sometimes /z/ when it follows a vowel as in nose, is, or as.

Watch this video to learn more…

DOWNLOAD THE CARDS IN THIS VIDEO FOR FREE

Here are some of my favorite resources to teach and practice these phonograms:

C and G Sound Sort from Have Fun Teaching (click the pink download button for the pdf)

C and G Activity Pack from This Reading Mama

Up Next is STEP 8:Vowel Combinations that Make One Sound